Gaspard Le Marchant was born of a
distinguished Guernsey family in 1803 in England. He enjoyed a
successful Military Career, both on behalf of the Crown as well as in
Foreign Service for the Queen of Spain. He was knighted by both Spain
and Great Britain and served as a Colonial Administrator, first as Lt.
Governor of Newfoundland (1847-1852), then promoted to Lt. Governor of
Nova Scotia (pursuant to this Royal Appointment 1852-1858), later
holding the post of Governor General of Malta (1859-1864), and finally
ending his career as Commander-in-Chief of Madras in India
(1865-1868). An interesting side note is that when he left the military
to enter administration, he went to Wellington and asked if it was wise,
to which Wellington suggested that it would enhance his career. But he never left colonial administration and missed the Crimean War
where many of his peers advanced past him to become Major Generals. An
important original piece of early Canadian Provincial History.
Document – Signed and Dated: June 16, 1852
Text as Follows:
[signed] Victoria R.
Victoria, by the Grace
of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Queen
Defender of the Faith. To Our Trusty and Well beloved Sir John Gaspard
Le Marchant, Knight Colonel in Our Army, Greeting.
We reposing especial trust and confidence in your loyalty, integrity,
and ability, do by the Presents constitute and appoint you to be Our
Lieutenant Governor of Our Province of Nova Scotia in America. To have,
hold, exercise, and enjoy the said Place and Office during Our Pleasure,
with all the rights, profits, privileges, perquisites, and advantages to
the same belonging or appertaining. And further in the case of death or
during the absence of Our Captain General and Governor in Chief of Our
said Province of Nova Scotia now and for the time being, We do hereby
authorize and require you to exercise and perform all and singular the
powers and directions contained in Our Commission to Our Captain General
and Governor in Chief according to such Instructions as he hath already
received from Us, and such further Orders and Instructions as he or you
shall hereafter receive from Us. And We do hereby Command all and
singular Our Officers, Ministers, and Loving Subjects in Our said
Province, and all others whom it may concern, to take due notice hereof,
and to give their ready obedience accordingly. Given at Our Court at
Buckingham Palace this Sixteenth Day of June 1852 in the Fifteenth year
of Our Reign.
By Her Majesty’s Command
John S. Parkington
Parkington was the
Secretary of State for War & the Colonies having just succeeded Earl
Grey in the Post, although by December he, too, was gone, lasting only
This is a
positively beautiful Handwritten Document is dated June 16th 1852.
an 8 page, bound in satin, small folio, with handwriting on five of the pages,
it measures 8" x 12½"
(as shown). Queen
Victoria's Signature is Bold across the top and to the Upper Right of the
Embossed Official Seal of Paper over Wax - Inscribed within are the
Shield, and in Latin, "Queen of Britain by the Grace of God", and with the
Motto of the Order of the Garter- "Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense" (liberally
translated as: shame to one who thinks evil of honor). Also Revenue Stamped
with an albino £200 Embossed Stamp and a docketing Seal "London 25 6 52 A"
in circle with crown in Black. Pages joined with Green Satin Ribbon
which is anchored under the Seal. Slight fold tear on first page well away
from any text, signature or seals. Very small adhesion remnant in top
Upper Right not affecting the Queen's signature. Watermarked "J.
Whatman/Turkey Mill/1847"; the Royal Papermaker for Victoria's
by Berryhill & Sturgeon, Ltd.